Legislative Assembly elections in Uttar Pradesh will be conducted in the months of February and March 2022 to elect 403 members to the Uttar Pradesh Legislative Assembly. The current assembly’s tenure, which was elected in 2017, will end on March 14, 2022. At the time of the election, Yogi Adityanath would be the current Chief Minister.
Riding on the Modi wave, the BJP won 71 of the 78 seats it contested in the 2014 parliamentary elections, including 52 seats with a vote share of more than 40%.
In this context, both the SP and the BSP appeared incapable of taking on the resurgent BJP on their own in the 2017 state elections. In this circumstance, the only feasible alternative for both the SP and the BSP to take on the BJP-led NDA would have been to form a grand alliance with the. The decision would have been politically correct as well, considering the SP, BSP, and Congress’ combined vote share of 49.6 percent in the 2014 general elections.
With the crucial UP election in 2022, Assembly elections only a few months away, India’s most significant state has seen a gradual build-up of the electoral scene and the raking up of political dust. The dust would only begin to increase with the commencement of political campaigning, peaking in the last days before the election.
Uttar Pradesh, which has the most assembly constituencies in India (403) is presently governed by the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), which has 315 seats. The saffron party controls 306 seats, while its partner Apna Dal (Sonelal) controls the remaining nine.
As the state prepares to elect a new Assembly, the stage is set for a fascinating ballot war in which the existing Yogi Adityanath-led administration will strive to retain power, while the Opposition parties will make every effort to control the country’s largest and most politically significant state.
The two major parties vying for power in UP are the Samajwadi Party (SP) and the Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP). Furthermore, the Congress, led by Priyanka Gandhi Vadra, is ready to compete in the country’s most difficult political arena. The Aam Aadmi Party (AAP) and the All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul Muslimeen (AIMIM) are also trying to expand their influence in the state. Other national and regional parties are also running in the state, with or without coalitions. Before discussing the current state of the political parties in the race, their election tactics, significant issues to be discussed at hustings, and poll forecasts.
In the current scenario, it looks that the UP election in 2022 would be similar to the 2017 election, with the BJP maintaining its advantage and the SP trailing far behind. There have been allegations of personality conflicts inside the party and alliances in the run-up to the elections. For example, SBSP head Om Prakash Rajbhar has stated that he will not form an alliance with the BJP if the saffron party decides to run in the elections under Adityanath’s leadership. But only time will tell what the ramifications will be.