Mahendra was born and brought up at Sisauli Village, in Muzaffarnagar District of UP (Uttar Pradesh), on Sunday 6 October 1935. At the time of Mahendra Singh Tikait death, he was 75 years old and suffered from bone cancer and died on 15th May 2011. Late Tikait belonged to the Jaat community. His father, Chauhal Singh was a farmer, and he was the Chaudhary (head) of the Baliyan Khap. Mahendra Singh has four sons and two daughters. When he was a teenager, Mahendra tied the knot with Baljori Devi. She was a homemaker.
|FULL NAME||Mahendra Singh Tikait|
|PROFESSION||Farmer and the Leader of Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU)|
|HIEGHT (approx.)||6′ 1”|
|DATE OF BIRTH||6 October 1935|
|AGE||75 Years (as of 2011)|
|DEATH||15 May 2011|
|CAUSE OF DEATH||Born Cancer|
|HOMETOWN/CITY||Sisauli Village, Muzaffarnagar District, UP|
|HUSBAND/WIFE||Wife: – Baljori Devi|
|CHILDREN||Son(s): – Naresh Tikait, Rakesh Tikait, Surendra Tikait, and Narendra Tikait|
Daughter(s): – Two Daughters
Mahendra Singh Tikait Biography
Mahendra Tikait was born and brought up at Sisauli Village, in Muzaffarnagar District of UP (Uttar Pradesh), on Sunday 6 October 1935. At the time of Mahendra Singh Tikait death, he was 75 years old and suffered from bone cancer and died on 15th May 2011. Sisauli is the ancestral village of the Tikait Family. He studied till class 7th at a high school in this village. He left his studies to focus on his responsibilities. At the age of eight, his father died, and he became the head (Chaudhary) of the Baliyan Khap.
Mahendra Singh Family
Late Tikait belonged to the Jaat community. His father, Chauhal Singh was a farmer and he was the Chaudhary (head) of the Baliyan Khap. He died in the year 1943. Mahendra’s mother, Mukhtyari Devi. When he was a teenager, Mahendra tied the knot with Baljori Devi. She was a homemaker.
Mahendra Singh Tikait Son(s) & Daughter(s)
Mahendra Singh has four sons and two daughters. The eldest of Mahendra Singh Tikait Son is Naresh Tikait. He is the head (Chaudhary) of the Baliyan Khap Panchayat and is the President of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU).
The second eldest of Mahendra Singh Tikait Son is Rakesh Tikait. He is the national Spokesperson of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) from the year 1997.
The third eldest Mahendra Singh Tikait Son is Surendra Tikait. He is the Manager at the Sugar Mill, in Meerut. And a businessman by the profession.
The youngest Mahendra Singh Tikait Son is Narendra Tikait, who is a farmer by profession and handles the work in fields.
Taking Command of BKU
On 17 October 1986, Mahendra Singh formed Bhartiya Kisan Union or BKU. It is a non-political farmers’ organisation that succeeded over Punjab Khetibari Union (PKU) which was founded by Chaudhary Charan Singh in the year 1978. The organisation was formed to encounter the farmers’ oppression in the country.
In 1986, farmers from whole Uttar Pradesh were agitated against the hike in electricity tariffs. The farmers were also demanded waiver of water and electricity dues, the higher remunerative prices for the sugarcane produce, fair prices of the crops, etc. The need for farmers’ organisation was then realised as the farmers were unable to pressurize the government of state to meet their demands. On 17th October 1986, Maha Panchayat was held in Sisauli village, which was participated by several Khap heads & the thousands of peasants, and their representatives belongs to all castes & religions. Consecutively, Mahendra was without expectation gives the command of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) as its national president.
Mahendra Singh Tikait Major Farmer’s Movement
It wasn’t easy for Mahendra to become a leader and maintain his responsibilities. But he tried his best to grow up in agricultural stature and spent almost his entire life fighting for the rights of Farmers. As the President of BKU, he spent Over 25 years and demonstrating more than 60 farmer’s movements.
Shamli Protest 1987
It was the first major protest under the banner of the Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU). On a call of Tikait, over 3 lakh farmers gathered at Shamli. The protest raised the tariff of electricity supply to the tube well. But the crowd went violent at the site of the protest, which caused the end of the Protest.
Boat Club Rally 1988
Whenever the Mahendra farmer’s Movement is recalled, we can never forget the October 1988 Boat Club Rally or Protest. At Delhi’s Boat Club, over 5 Lakh farmers wear Kurta- pajamas, where Tikait was the Prominent face among the leaders.
This Rally was planned for a day, but it lasted a week until the Rajiv Gandhi government bowed to the BKU’s demands including increasing the prices for the sugarcane waiver & procurement of power & water charges for the farmers.
Apart from leading the farmer certificate is used to organize huge Kisan panchayats. At Jantar Mantar every year, from 2001 to 2010 to discuss various shoes faced by farmers.
Naiyma Lao Movement
In August 1989 Mahendra initiated a protest against the kidnapping of a Muslim girl, Nayima. She belongs to the Sikri village of Muzaffarnagar District. On the bank of the Ganga canal at Bhopa thousands of farmers gathered, under the leadership of Tikait. They demanded the state government find the murderers and bring them to justice. At a local police station, the protesters also gathered. The movement continued for 40 days but the killers of Naiyma were never found. But the moment helped Mahendra Singh gain the stature of a powerful leader.
Mahendra Singh Tikait vs Mayawati
While delivering a speech at the farmer’s rally in Bijnor Mahendra allegedly passed a derogatory remark of casteists against the BSP supremo Mayawati, on 30th March 2008. Under the SC/ST act, the chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati, sent a team of 300 policemen to arrest Mahendra, on 1st April 2008. On the next day, Mahendra negotiated a peaceful surrender before the Bijnor court & after he issued an apology, he was released on bail.
Mahendra Singh Tikait Death
The 75-year-old Chaudhary Tikait, a legendary Jaat farmer leader took his last breath, after a prolonged battle with bone cancer, on 15th May 2011 at 7:08 pm.